In sweet memories of my ever loving brother "kutty thambi " ARUN KUMAR

Tuesday, May 12, 2009

Installing Oracle 9i in Linux RHEL4

Part I: Installing Linux

Minimum hardware requirement:
* Pentium IV processor
* 512MB of RAM
* minimum 40GB HARD DISK

1. Boot the server using the first CD.
* You may need to change your BIOS settings to allow booting from the CD.
2. The boot screen appears with the boot: prompt at the bottom of the screen.
* Select Enter to continue with a graphical install on the console. (For other installation methods and options, refer to the Red Hat Installation Guide.)
* The installer scans your hardware, briefly displays the Red Hat splash screen, and then begins a series of screen prompts.
3. Language Selection
* Accept the default.
4. Keyboard Configuration
* Accept the default.
5. Welcome Screen
* Click on Next.
6. Disk Partitioning Setup
* Do the disk partitioning as per the following
PARTITIONS MINIMUMSIZE
/ 12GB
/boot 100MB
/opt 4GB
/oracle 10GB
/tmp 3GB
swap double the size of RAM not more than 2GB

7. Boot Loader Configuration
* Accept the default.
8. Network Configuration
* It is usually best to configure database servers with a static IP address. To do so, click on Edit .
* A pop-up window appears. Uncheck the Configure using DHCP box, and enter the IP Address and Netmask for the server. Be sure that Activate on boot is checked, and click on OK .
* In the Hostname box, select manually and enter the hostname.
* In the Miscellaneous Settings box, enter the remaining network settings.
9. Firewall Configuration
* For the purposes of this walk-through, no firewall is configured. Select No firewall
* Select Disabled on the "Enable SELinux" drop down list.
* Click on Proceed when the "Warning - No Firewall" window appears.
10. Additional Language Support
* Accept the default.
11. Time Zone Selection
* Choose the time settings that are appropriate for your area. Setting the system clock to UTC is usually a good practice for servers. To do so, click on System clock uses UTC.
12. Set Root Password
* Enter a password for root, and enter it again to confirm.
13. Package Installation Defaults
* Select Customize software packages to be installed.
14. Package Group Selection
* Select only the package sets shown here and leave all others unselected.
* Desktop
o X Window System
o Gnome
* Applications
o Graphical Internet (optional)
* Servers
o Do not select anything in this group.
* Development
o Development Tools
* System
o Administration Tools
o System Tools
+ Add the package 'sysstat' by clicking on the Details link and selecting "sysstat - The sar an iostat system monitoring commands." from the Optional Packages list.
* Miscellaneous
o Do not select anything in this group.
* Click on Next to proceed.
15. Installing Packages
* Software will be copied to the hard disk and installed. Change disks as prompted.
16. Congratulations
* Remove the installation media from the system, and click on Reboot .
17. The system automatically reboots and presents a new welcome screen.
* Click on Next.
18. License Agreement
* Read the license agreement. If you agree to the terms, select Yes, I agree to the License Agreement and click on Next.
19. Date and Time
* Set the Date and Time.
* If you want to use an NTP server (recommended), select Enable Network Time Protocol and enter the name of the NTP server.
20. Display
* Accept the defaults or change as required.
21. Red Hat Login
* Enter your Red Hat Network login and password or create a new one.
22. System User
* Create an account for yourself.
* Do not create an account for oracle at this time. Creating the oracle account is covered later in this section.
23. Additional CDs
* Click on Next.
24. Finish Setup
* Click on Next.
25. A graphical login screen appears.
26. Congratulations! Your RHEL4 software is now installed.
27. Restart the system and logged in a root user, hence keeping the system ready to install Oracle 9i Release 2 on it.

2.Installation steps of oracle 9i:

Before Installing oracle, acquire the following softwares
1.Oracle 9i release 2(9.2.0.4.0) CD 1 OF 3.
2.Oracle 9i release 2(9.2.0.4.0) CD 2 of 3.
3.Oracle 9i release 2(9.2.0.4.0) CD 3 of 3.
4.Oracle 9i release 2(9.2.0.4.0) patch CD.
5.jdk1.5 update 6.

Download Oracle9i for Linux from the following web site:
http://otn.oracle.com/software/products/oracle9i/htdocs/linuxsoft.html

Download java for linux from the following website:
http://java.sun.com

Download oracle 9i patch cd from the following link:
LinkLinkhttp://metalink.oracle.com
Linkhttp://www.idevelopment.info/data/Oracle/DBA_tips/Linux/LINUX_8.shtml#Downloading%20/%20Unpacking%20the%20Oracle9i%20Installation%20Files

The following steps are for installing oracle 9i on RHEL4.
1.Install JDK1.5 in /usr/java folder by using the following command.
* create folder named javasoft on the Desktop.
* open a new terminal using the following command:
right click on the Desktop and click Open terminal from the popup menu.
* copy jdk-1_5_0_06-linux-i586.bin from the CD to /root/Desktop/javasoft folder, using the following commands.
Insert the CD containing jdk1.5 software
#mount /media/cdrom
#cp /media/cdrom/jdk-1_5_0_06-linux-i586.bin /root/Desktop/javasoft
*create a folder named java in the /usr folder.
#mkdir -p /usr/java
*Use the following commands to install jdk1.5
#cd /usr/java
#/root/Desktop/javasoft/jdk-1_5_0_06-linux-i586.bin
follow the steps as prompted to install the software.
*Create a symbolic link "jdk1.5" for easy accessibility using the following command:
#ln -s jdk-1_5_0_06 jdk1.5
*Do the permanent path setting for writing and executing the java programs without going to this folder every time.
#vi /etc/profile
Insert the following lines at the end of the file.
JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.5
export JAVA_HOME
PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
export PATH
*save and relogin as root user.

2.Open the terminal window on the linux desktop

3.Use the following commands to go to the home directory.
#cd /home

4.Insert the oracle 9i release CD no.1/3 to the CD Drive.

5.Mount the CD by the following command:
#mount /media/cdrom

6.Confirm the availability of the .cpio file the CD using the following command:
#ls /media/cdrom

7.Use the following command to extract the software from CD 1 of oracle
#cpio -idmv < /media/cdrom/ship_9204_linux_disk1.cpio

note: once you do this a folder named Disk1 will be created in /home directory

8.Unmount the CD using the following command:
#umount /media/cdrom

9.Insert the oracle 9i release CD no.2/3 to the CD Drive.

10.Mount the CD by the following command:
#mount /media/cdrom

11.Confirm the availability of the .cpio file the CD using the following command:
#ls /media/cdrom

12.Use the following command to extract the software from CD 2 of oracle
#cpio -idmv < /media/cdrom/ship_9204_linux_disk2.cpio

note: once you do this a folder named Disk2 will be created in /home directory

13.Unmount the CD using the following command:
#umount /media/cdrom

14.Insert the oracle 9i release CD no.3/3 to the CD Drive.

15.Mount the CD by the following command:
#mount /media/cdrom

16.Confirm the availability of the .cpio file the CD using the following command:
#ls /media/cdrom

17.Use the following command to extract the software from CD 3 of oracle
#cpio -idmv < /media/cdrom/ship_9204_linux_disk3.cpio

note: once you do this a folder named Disk3 will be created in /home directory

18.Unmount the CD using the following command:
#umount /media/cdrom

19.For patch use the following commands:
#mkdir 92040

20.Insert the patch CD to the CD Drive.

21.Mount the CD using following command:
#mount /media/cdrom

22.Use the following command to unzip the files
#unzip -d /home/92040 /media/cdrom/p3006854_9204_LINUX.zip

23.After issuing the above command, it will create a folder named as 3006854 in the /home/92040 directory. please confirm the same.

24.Issue the following commands to extract the p4198954 patch.
#unzip -d /home/92040 /media/cdrom/p4198954_40_LINUX.zip

you will able to see the following rpms within the specified folder.
1) compact-orcle-rhel4-1-0-5.i386.rpm
2) compact-libcwait-2.1-1.i386.rpm

As soon as you try to install these RPM's then you will receive dependency failure.
Use the following steps to avoid dependency failure:
1)Insert the RHEL4 CD no.3 to the CD Drive.

2)Mount the CD using the following command:
#mount /media/cdrom
#cd /media/cdrom/RedHat/RPMS

3)Execute the following RPMs
#rpm -ivh --aid libaio-devel-0.3.102-1.i386.rpm
#rpm -ivh --aid openmotif21-2.1.30-11.RHEL4.2.i386.rpm

4)After successful execution of the above RPMs, execute the RPMs already unzipped from the 4198954 patch.
#cd /home/92040
#rpm -ivh compat-oracle-rhel4-1.0.5.i386.rpm
#rpm -ivh compat-libcwait-2.1-1.i386.rpm

5)unmount the 3rd CD of RHEL4 using the following command
#unmount /media/cdrom

25.Configuring the Linux Kernel Parameters, update the /etc/sysctl.conf file,by adding the following lines towards the end of the file.
#vi /etc/sysctl.conf
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 536870912
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.rmem_max=262144
net.core.wmem_max=26214

save the file and relogin.

26.Create the Oracle Groups and User Account:
# groupadd oinstall
# groupadd dba
# groupadd oper
# useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
# id oracle

Set the password on the oracle account:
# passwd oracle
Changing password for user oracle.
New password:
Retype new password:
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.


27.Create Directories for oracle software.
# mkdir -p /oracle/app/oracle/product/9.2.0.4.0
# chown -R oracle:oinstall /oracle
# chmod -R 775 /oracle

28.Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the .bash_profile file:
#vi .bash_profile

ORACLE_BASE=/oracle/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/9.2.0.4.0; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH:/usr/java/jdk1.5/bin; export PATH
ORACLE_OWNER=oracle; export ORACLE_OWNER
ORACLE_SID=jay; export ORACLE_SID

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib;
export CLASSPATH
ORACLE_OEM_JAVARUNTIME=/usr/java/jdk1.5; export ORACLE_OEM_JAVARUNTIME

LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.19; export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL
THREADS_FLAG=native; export THREADS_FLAG
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

29.Save the .bash_profile file and relogin as oracle user.

30.Make sure the .bash_profile file ran correctly by issuing the following command:
$set | more

31.Login to Root using this command:
$su -
password:rootpassword
#

32.Execute the 3006854 patch using the following command:
#sh /home/92040/3006854/rhel3_pre_install.sh

33.Exit from the Root.
#exit
$(After typing exit you will receive the oracle login $ prompt)

34.Start the universal installer using the following command:
$/home/Disk1/runInstaller

note: This will start the universal installer. Follow the steps in the wizard to install oracle software.

NOTE: During the installation enter the appropriate ORACLE_HOME and name then continue as normal

1. Welcome Screen:
Click Next

2.Inventory Location:
"/oracle/app/oracle/oraInventory"and Click Next

3.Unix Group Name:
Use "oinstall" and click Next
When asked to run /tmp/orainstRoot.sh, run it before you click Continue
open a new terminal,by click the desktop
$su -
password:root password
#cd /tmp
#./orainstRoot.sh
once this execution is over and you get back the prompt, switch to the dialog box in the Universal Installer and continue next.

5.File Locations:
name:use default value
path:/oracle/app/oracle/product/9.2.0.4.0

6.Available Products:
Select "Oracle9i Database 9.2.0.1.0"

7.Installation Types:
Select "Enterprise Edition(2.84GB)

8.Database configuration:
Select "General Purpose"

9.Database Identification
Global Database Name:jay
SID:jay
and then Click Next

10.Database File Locations:
Directory for Database Files:/oracle/app/oracle/oradata
and then click Next

11.Database Character Set:
Use the default character set
and then click Next

12.Summary:
Start the Install

13.Setup privileges:
before completing the installation the universal installer will prompt another file to be executed from the root login.
follow the sequence commands to overcome this:
open the terminal
$su -
password:root password
#cd /oracle/app/oracle/product/9.2.0.4.0
#./root.sh
it will prompt for a path, press enter to keep it default.
after that press ok in the dialog box.

14.Configuration tools:
if any error comes, Simply ignore it.

15.Database Configuration Assistant:
enter password for sys and system and click OK

16. At the end of the installation, exit runInstaller.

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